In recent years, the solid waste disposal in the environment is being rethought in order to encourage the process of composting of organic waste. Composting is the transformation of materials, like leftover food, pruning of trees and plants in a nutrient-Rico: humus. It is a viable alternative for enterprises that wish to take advantage of the waste generated in its facilities. Viable solution also for the allocation of organic waste at home. Humus can be used in landscaping and in the gardens cultivated without the use of pesticides.
Bars, restaurants and hotels are also examples of threads that have used the system to better manage the waste they produce. The humus extracted supplies vegetable gardens and, in many cases, enough to play part of the funding of the activities of companies, like the Verdegreen Hotel in João Pessoa (PB), which supplies about 70 percent of its demand with own production.
Another good example is Shopping Eldorado in São Paulo, which has implemented a project in which the organic waste from food court go through composting and are used in a garden, grown on the roof of the building. The composting process consumes 14 tonnes of waste per month (28% of total raised). The garden of 1,000 m ² has produced three crops in a year. At last, were collected and donated to 900 feet of Mall employees and 400 lettuce eggplants. Are also planted Mint, pepper, Basil and Mint. The intention is that, in five years, all 9,800 m ² of the roof are covered with plants, whose inputs should absorb all the volume of organic waste generated in the establishment.
With the aim of showing the viability of composting in small businesses, the Sebrae in Mato Grosso and Sebrae sustainability Center (CSS) have deployed the system three years ago. Today, the site is target of technical visits of businessmen and students who wish to learn more about the subject. The initiative has reduced the amount of waste that would otherwise be discarded, making food scraps generated in the activities, along with the pruning of trees and leaves, were straight to composters. Numerous success stories can be seen on the website http://www.sustentabilidade.sebrae.com.br/Sustentabilidade.
The process of composting of solid waste is a great alternative to decrease the waste to be disposed of in the environment, stimulate a culture of reuse and, in many cases, minimize costs affects the productive activity. The system is easy to install and low investment.
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