The deadline is over, but the dumps are still reality – Carla Monteiro

8 de August de 2014, por em Articles, Trash

August began and on Brazilian soil is prohibited the existence of dumps. The axiom is true, but doesn't match the reality, because about 60% of the municipalities ignore legal mandatory retirement solemnly the dumps and storing the solid waste in landfills. A legislation passed four years ago. Or a fine ranging from $ 5,000 to $ 50 million seems to cause apprehension to public managers.

The National Congress reach numerous requests for which the time limits of the law to be enlarged up to for eight years. If you depend on the Environment Minister, Izabella Teixeira, the law which entered into force on August 2, 2010 will not have its term extended. Will fit, for now, to the public prosecutor, who has the constitutional responsibility to oversee the implementation of the law, calling the responsibility the administrators who are betting on impunity.

The mayors have basically two choices: either take action and sign conduct adjustment Term (TAC) with the Prosecutor presenting his plans for management, or respond to public civil action for administrative misconduct and environmental crime.

Of 5,564 Brazilian municipalities, just 2,202, as lifting the Ministry of cities, rely on proper disposal of solid wastes, representing 39.5% of the cities in the country. The best in this soup of numbers is that nearly 40% of the municipalities with their solid waste plans deployed hold almost 60% of the volume of waste produced in General. Public administrators have had four years to do the homework. Preferred, however, to construct speeches of difficulties and obstacles.

In the last four years, since the Brazilian solid waste Policy was approved, the federal Government provided $ 1.2 billion for municipalities and States for solid waste disposal, including drawing up plans and investments.
Federal government data show that less than 50% of these resources were executed, because of default situations of municipalities or operational difficulties. Of the 27 States, only Maranhão, Rio de Janeiro and Pernambuco concluded his State solid waste plans.

The national solid waste policy was approved in 2010 and determines that all landfills of the country should be closed until August 2, 2014. By law, the waste would have to be sent to landfill, lined with waterproof blanket to avoid the contamination of soil, manure, treated, and methane gas, burned.

Those who do not comply with the legislation will be framed in Law of Environmental Crimes, subject to fines and convictions. On the other hand, the municipalities will suffer credit restrictions by official banks, plus other embargoes.

Carla Monteiro
Journalist
carlam1008@gmail.com