Environmental education develops through the understanding of the concepts of citizenship, whereas the rights and obligations that each person has in their midst, particularly in relation to the other and to nature. In this sense, it is necessary to the development of permanent actions that promote the strengthening of a greater awareness about environmental problems, in order to encourage the participation of the population in the effort by the renewal of natural resources and the balance of the ecosystem.
The process in which this awareness occurs, signals to a continuous learning, aimed at promoting new values and a new culture. On this journey towards the greater objective, the assertive strategic is in stimulating the population to act in a coordinated manner, in jail, in a forward that effect in everyday practice, through actions that will positively impact the environment and that can have a global reach, as is happening on social networks for many flags. But to make the qualitative leap in the exercise of citizenship, society will have to prepare, starting with face some challenges posed by modernity and by technological developments.
Consumption and waste – the most emblematic example of the moment is the garbage, which has grown exponentially in recent years, due to increased consumption and the prevalence of the culture of disposability, whose logic is not the replacement of the repair. Second report of the Brazilian Association of Public Cleaning and special waste (Abrelpe), Brazilians are consuming more and discarding a quantity. From 2012 to 2013, the growth was of the order of 4.1%. In 2012, have been generated 201,058 tons daily of trash in the following year, 209,208 tons. At the same time, this escalating disposal has not been accompanied by significant improvements in environmental quality management, says the document. Almost half of what the Brazilians play outside (41.7%) still go to the landfills without proper control and with high levels of pollution.
The destination to be given to the trash, as well as the definition of roles and responsibilities inherent in the disposal is in the guidelines contained in the national solid waste policy (PNRS), established by law No. 12,305/10, which puts all consumers, individuals and legal entities, as correspondents for the trash they produce. The Union, Federal District, States and cities Act synchronized and systemic and based on waste management plans. The policy is considered groundbreaking in its assumptions, as well as to impute responsibility shared between the generators of waste, still promotes the social inclusion of the pickers of recyclable materials in the production chain.
Only by means of the management plans, structured between public authorities, companies and society will be possible to give adequate environmental disposal in the trash. Treat trash is a public health issue and the best way to take advantage of economic value, materials to be reused, recycled, and even return to the productive chain in the form of raw material, as with the aluminum cans and Tetra Pak packaging.
In his article conscious consumption: where to begin, professor, doctor Emiliano Lôbo de Gandhi, of the school of Environmental and sanitary Engineering at the Federal University of Goiás (UFG) says: "the society is seen as an agent of change. Normally, we don't see ourselves as part of the solution of the problems. It's more comfortable thinking that this responsibility lies only to government officials, legislators and justice, that is, the solution is not in our hands. We don't see ourselves as active elements of this issue. We don't think our daily attitudes have a significant impact on the environment ".
The first steps – the proper disposal of the waste follows a routine that begins in individual attitudes, with the separation between the humid waste (organic) and recyclable (dry) in the residences. After the separation, the municipal public power carry out the selective collection, which is the first step in the recycling of organic waste. This wealth of good practices stand out the concepts planned in the acronym of the 5 R's It is a postulate, the result of reflections about sustainability, which has become a useful tool in environmental education for change of mentality.
The 5 R's were designed based on the fundamentals of PDCA – acronym in English, whose translation means: plan, execute, check and adjust. It is a method of Administration used in the control and improvement of processes and products, very used also by companies in the environmental awareness of its employees. The concept of the 5 R's resume simply and objectively the basic guidelines to be followed in relation to consumption x trash, considering the legal requirement of environmentally adequate solid waste disposal. For easy understanding and memorization, the practice of the 5 R's became the be-to-Bah of environmental education. Your content is an advisor for the change of habits, encouraging citizens to reflect on values and practices.
Apply the 5 R's means:
- Rethink (habits and attitudes of consumption);
- Reduce (garbage generation);
- Reuse (increase the useful life of products);
- Recycle (transform materials processed in raw material for new products);
- Refuse (not consume products that generate significant environmental impacts, which are not essential).